Lincrusta-Walton was a popular 19th-century wall covering created by Englishman Frederick Walton, the inventor of linoleum. This heavily textured wall covering was first patented in 1877 in Britain where it was manufactured to simulate materials such as pressed plaster relief, tooled leather, and carved wood. Lincrusta was first introduced to the U.S. market in 1879, the year construction began on the Nickerson House. The wall covering was used in the decorative schemes of the Dining Room and the Smoking Room of the Nickerson residence. Despite having survived in remarkable condition, the Lincrusta-Walton wall covering in the Nickerson House required extensive conservation work. In 2006, Parma Conservation, a Chicago-based firm that specializes in the conservation of paintings, frescoes, and murals, was engaged to work on the Lincrusta of the Nickerson House.